A severe variant of the coronavirus detected in South Africa could explain the rapid spread of a second wave that affects younger people, Health Minister Zweli Mkhize said.
Doctors have remarked that more patients are younger, and do not always have other conditions that amplify the virus’ effect, but are nonetheless suffering from more severe forms of COVID-19.
That “strongly suggests that the current second wave we are experiencing is being driven by this new variant,” Mkhize concluded.
Mkhize issued a statement of Friday night, below is the full statement.
This evening we convened a public briefing to announce that a variant of the SARS-COV-2 Virus-currently termed 501.V2 Variant, has been identified by our genomics scientists here in South Africa.
This genomics team, led by the Kwazulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform, or KRISP, has sequenced hundreds of samples from across the country since the beginning of the pan-demic in March. As they will elaborate shortly, they noticed that a particular variant has increasingly dominated the findings of the samples collected in the past two months. In addition, clinicians have been providing anecdotal evidence of a shift in the clinical epidemiological picture- in particular noting that they are seeing a larger proportion of younger patients with no co-morbidities presenting with crit-ical illness. The evidence that has been collated, therefore, strongly suggests that that the current second wave we are experiencing is being driven by this new variant.
The team at KRISP, led by Professor Tulio de Oliviera, (who will shortly give a presentation) have been sharing their findings with the World Health Organization and the scientific community at large. In fact it was this consortium that alerted the UK to our variant, upon which the UK then studied their own samples and found that a similar mutation on the same site (that is the 501 site), was the variant that was driving their resurgence in London, leading to an announcement being made in Parliament and the lockdown that was instituted in London to curb the spread of this variant. This is the calibre of our own scientists here in South Africa and we are extremely proud to once again demonstrate lead-ership in the COVID-19 response on a world stage.
There are some concerning issues that I wish to bring to the attention of the public:
- We did not expect the second wave to emerge as soon as it has
- The second wave has come during the festive season
- Complacency has set in and people have grown tired of adhering to non-pharmaceutical inter-ventions
However, It is important to reiterate that while this mutation is a cause for concern, there is no reason to panic.
We appeal to all the media and medical and scientific community to focus on the facts and avoid en-tering into speculation or issue unproven statements and generate panic and disinformation
This research underlines the need for all of us all to loyally adhere to the practice of Non pharmaceu-tical interventions which work as effectively in any pandemic of this nature including COVID-19 as we have known it and is just as effective to a mutant variant of the same virus
Nothing will beat the rigid implementation of wearing of masks use of hand sanitizer and washing with soap and distancing
Many countries experienced a second wave that was more severe than first -even where no muta-tions were reported
Our current case management is guided by clinical manifestations of the pandemic and this has still been effective irrespective of the mutation that has been identified.
There is no evidence to suggest a need to change in clinical treatment and patient management of COVID 19 in the second wave to date. I have directed that the clinicians subcommittee of MAC should monitor the situation and issue an advisory whenever the need for changing clinical treatment and patient management is deemed necessary.
We have recently announced more restrictions using a differentiated approach across the country-that is we implemented different containment measures depending on the infection spread such as hotspots and anticipated social behaviour during festive season, as well as strengthening the effec-tiveness of our inspections and enforcement measures.
This discovery does not necessitate additional measures. There will be no basis to change purely based on this report.
Reports based on surveillance and intensive monitoring continues to guide our response which is dri-ven by science. We will declare new districts as hotspots as they reach the threshold and continue to monitor how these increases impact on our health service and health care workers.
In response to the second wave we have directed that all provinces reactivate their resurgence plans and mount the appropriate response to the resurgence of COVID-19 by ensuring
- adequate Human Resources for health: employment of nurses and doctors and all staff that is needed
- reactivation of the field hospital beds
- preparing more ICU beds as in the earlier surge
- provision of adequate oxygen and oxygen delivery tools
We will also ensure adequate psychosocial support for health care workers and they will be prioritised for vaccinations against COVID-19.
Invariably the research raises more questions and I have directed that more work to be done to clarify the following:
- Implications on individuals previously infected and recovered to ascertain if they would be reinfect-ed by the variant- we currently have no information and we must avoid speculation but wait for re-search
- There will also be further research to ascertain if the current vaccines be effective on the new vari-ant- we shall continue with the vaccine program as there is no evidence to do otherwise and scientific research will clarify that. Before that happens there is no new action needed and no evidence to change the approach.
I must take this opportunity to speak to our youth. Last week I made an announcement that we have entered into our second wave and that it is mostly young people who are testing positive for COVID-19 in recent weeks: this continues to be the case. Our clinicians have also warned us that things have changed and that younger, previously healthy people are now becoming very sick. De-spite all these warnings in the past couple of weeks, we continue to see recent videos on social media of youth partying in large numbers, even some playing kissing games during these parties. Our youth are not wearing masks and are clearly so intoxicated that they have thrown caution to the wind and do not care to observe the rules under the state of disaster. It cannot be that our youth can only adhere to lifesaving measures by being policed. We call on parents, caregivers and our youth to understand that this is now not just a matter of thinking about others but you yourselves are now equally at risk of dying from COVID-19. We cannot go through what we went through in the early days of the AIDS pandemic when mothers and grandmothers were burying their children- this is the most heartbreaking phenomenon. The youth is urged to take care and find alternative ways of having safe fun this festive season.
The situation can be contained and it all depends on our ability and commitment to change behaviour.
We will continue to update and keep the public informed on any further developments.